Minerals are essential inorganic elements needed by the body in small amounts to function properly.
|Mineral Source*||Use||Deficiency Disease|
|Ca - Dairy products e.g. cheese, milk, hard water, fish||
Bones, teeth (in animals).
Calcium pectate in middle lamella - holds cell walls together (in plants).
Bones & teeth. Enzyme co-factor. Nerve/muscle action. Makes ATP (in animals).
Osteoporosis – weakening of bones
Weak bones General weakness.
|Mg - Wholegrain cereal, green vegetables, cheese||Makes chlorophyll (in plants).||Poor growth|
|Fe - Liver, meat, spinach, nuts, egg yolk, legumes||Haemoglobin||Anaemia|
*Source of plant minerals = soil water
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